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Arf6 Activation Assay Kit

价格¥6800.00
品牌NewEastBio   
产地美国
货号82401
免疫原Mouse
规格20Test
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  • 概述

    Configuration-specific Monoclonal Antibody Based

    Arf6 Activation Assay Kit

    Catalog Number:82401

    20 assays



    Product Description

        ARF6 (ADP-ribosylation factor 6) is a member of the ARF super-family. ARF genes encode small GTPases that increase the ADP-ribosyltransferase activity of cholera toxin and are critical for vesicular trafficking as activators of phospholipase D. Arf6 regulates membrane trafficking and functions as a regulatory molecule of phagocytosis.


        Currently there is no direct assay to measure the activation of Arf6 GTPase.


        NewEast Biosciences Arf6 Activation Assay Kit is based on the configuration-specific monoclonal antibody that specifically recognizes Arf6 GTP, but not Arf6-GDP, and an Arf6 specific rabbit polyclonal antibody. Given the high affinity of monoclonal antibodies to their antigens, the activation assay could be performed in a short time. This assay provides the reliable results with consistent reproducibility.


        These anti Arf6-GTP monoclonal antibodies can also be used to monitor the activation of Arf6 in cells and in tissues by immunohistochemistry.


        NewEast Biosciences Arf6 Activation Assay Kit provides a simple and fast method to monitor the activation of Arf6. Each kit provides sufficient quantities to perform 20 assays.


    Assay Principle

        NewEast Biosciences Arf6 Activation Assay Kit bases on the configuration-specific anti Arf6 GTP monoclonal antibody to measure the active Arf6 GTP levels, either from cell extracts or from in vitro GTPγS loading Arf6 activation assays. Briefly, anti active Arf6 mouse monoclonal antibody will be incubated with cell lysates containing Arf6 GTP. The bound active Arf6 will then be pulled down by protein A/G agarose. The precipitated active Arf6 will be detected by immunoblot analysis using an anti Arf6 rabbit polyclonal antibody, respectively.


    Kit Components

    1. Anti active Arf6, Mouse Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog No. 26918): One vial – 22 µL (1

        mg/ml) in PBS, pH 7.4, containing 50% glycerol and 0.05% sodium azide. This antibody

        specifically recognizes Arf6 GTP from all vertebrates.

    2. Protein A/G Agarose (Catalog No. 30301): One vial – 400 µL of 50% slurry. 

    3. 5X Assay/Lysis Buffer (Catalog No. 30302): One bottle – 30 mL of 250 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8,    750mM NaCl, 50 mM MgCl2, 5 mM EDTA, 5% Triton X-100.

    4. Anti Arf6, Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog No. 21032): One vial – 100 µL (1 mg/ml)

        in PBS, pH 7.4, contained 50% glycerol.

    5. 100 X GTPγS (Catalog No. 30303): One vial –100 µl at 10 mM, use 5 µL of GTPγS for GTP-abeling of 0.5 mL of cell lysate.

    6. 100 X GDP (Catalog No. 30304): One vial –100 µl at 100 mM, use 5 µL of GDP for GDP-    labeling of 0.5 mL of cell lysate. 


    Storage

        Store all kit components at 4ºC until their expiration dates. 


    Materials Needed but Not Supplied

    1. Stimulated and non-stimulated cell lysates

    2. Protease inhibitors

    3. 4 °C tube rocker or shaker

    4. 0.5 M EDTA, pH8.0

    5. 1 M MgCl2

    6. 2X reducing SDS-PAGE sample buffer

    7. Electrophoresis and immunoblotting systems

    8. Immunoblotting wash buffer such as TBST (10 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.4, 0.15 M NaCl, 0.05%

    Tween-20)

    9. Immunoblotting blocking buffer (TBST containing 5% Non-fat Dry Milk or 3% BSA)

    10. PVDF or nitrocellulose membrane

    11. Secondary Antibody

    12. ECL Detection Reagents 


    Reagent Preparation

    • 1X Assay/Lysis Buffer: Mix the 5X Stock briefly and dilute to 1X in deionized water. Just       prior to usage, add protease inhibitors such as 1 mM PMSF, 10 µg/mL leupeptin, and 10     µg/mL aprotinin. 


    Sample Preparation

    Adherent Cells

    1. Culture cells (one 10-cm plate, ~ 107cells) to approximately 80-90% confluence.Stimulate cells with activator or inhibitor as desired.

    2. Aspirate the culture media and wash twice with ice-cold PBS.

    3. Completely remove the final PBS wash and add ice-cold 1X Assay/Lysis Buffer to the cells (0.5- 1 mL per 10 cm tissue culture plate).

    4. Place the culture plates on ice for 10-20 minutes.

    5. Detach the cells from the plates by scraping with a cell scraper.

    6. Transfer the lysates to appropriate size tubes and place on ice.

    7. If nuclear lysis occurs, the cell lysates may become very viscous and difficult to pipette. If     this occurs, lysates can be passed through a 27½-gauge syringe needle 3-4 times to        shear the genomic DNA.

    8. Clear the lysates by centrifugation for 10 minutes (12,000 x g at 4 °C).

    9. Collect the supernatant and store samples (~1-2 mg of total proteins) on ice for    immediate use,or snap freeze and store at - 70 °C for future use.

    Suspension Cells

    1. Culture cells and stimulate with activator or inhibitor as desired.

    2. Perform a cell count, and then pellet the cells by centrifugation.

    3. Aspirate the culture media and wash twice with ice-cold PBS.

    4. Completely remove the final PBS wash and add ice-cold 1X Assay/Lysis Buffer to the cell   pellet(0.5 – 1 mL per 1 x 107cells).

    5. Lyse the cells by repeated pipetting.

    Publications:
    1.  VASP promotes TGF-β activation of hepatic stellate cells by regulating Rab11 dependent plasma membrane targeting of TGF-β receptors
        Hepatology Volume 61, Issue 1, pages 361–374, January 2015
    2.  Rab5 Activity Regulates GLUT4 Sorting into Insulin-Responsive and Non-Insulin-Responsive Endosomal Compartments: A Potential Mechanism for Development of Insulin Resistance
        Endocrinology. 2014 Sep;155(9):3315-28

    6. Transfer the lysates to appropriate size tubes and place on ice.

    7. If nuclear lysis occurs, the cell lysates may become very viscous and difficult to pipette. If     thisoccurs, lysates can be passed through a 27½-gauge syringe needle 3-4 times to            shear thegenomic DNA.

    8. Clear the lysates by centrifugation for 10 minutes (12,000 x g at 4 °C).

    9. Collect the supernatant and store samples on ice for immediate use, or snap freeze and     store at -70 °C for future use.


    In vitro GTPγS/GDP Protein Loading for positive and negative controls

        Note: In vivo stimulation of cells will activate approximately 10% of the available Arf6, whereas in vitro GTPγS protein loading will activate nearly 90% of the Arf6. 


    1, Aliquot 0.5 ml of each cell extract to two microfuge tubes (or use 1 µg of purified Arf6

        protein).

    2, To each tube, add 20 µl of 0.5 M EDTA (to 20 mM final concentration).

    3, Add 5 µl of 100 X GTPγS (to 100 µM, final concentration) to one tube (positive control).

    4, Add 5 µl of 100 X GDP (to 1 mM, final concentration) to the second tube (negative            control).

    5, Incubate the tubes at 30°C for 30 minutes with agitation.

    6, Stop loading by placing the tubes on ice and adding 32.5 µl of 1 M MgCl2 (to 60 mM,        final concentration). 


    Assay Procedure

    I. Active Arf6 Pull-Down Assay

    1. Aliquot 0.5 – 1 mL of cell lysate to a microcentrifuge tube.

    2. Adjust the volume of each sample to 1 mL with 1X Assay/Lysis Buffer.

    3. Add 1 µl anti active Arf6 monoclonal antibody to the tube.

    4. Thoroughly resuspend the protein A/G Agarose bead slurry by vortexing or titurating.

    5. Quickly add 20 µL of resuspended bead slurry to each tube.

    6. Incubate the tubes at 4 °C for 1 hour with gentle agitation.

    7. Pellet the beads by centrifugation for 1 min at 5,000 x g.

    8. Aspirate and discard the supernatant, making sure not to disturb/remove the bead             pellet.

    9. Wash the bead 3 times with 0.5 mL of 1X Assay/Lysis Buffer, centrifuging and aspirating     each time.

    10. After the last wash, pellet the beads and carefully remove all the supernatant.

    11. Resuspend the bead pellet in 20 µL of 2X reducing SDS-PAGE sample buffer.

    12. Boil each sample for 5 minutes.

    13. Centrifuge each sample for 10 seconds at 5,000 x g.

    II. Electrophoresis and Transfer

    1. Load 15 µL/well of pull-down supernatant to a polyacrylamide gel (17%). Also, it’s 

        recommended to include a pre-stained MW standard (as an indicator of a successful        transfer in step 3).

    2. Perform SDS-PAGE following the manufacturer’s instructions.

    3. Transfer the gel proteins to a PVDF or nitrocellulose membrane following the                    manufacturer’s instructions. 


    III. Immunoblotting and Detection (all steps are at room temperature, with agitation)

    1. Following the electroblotting step, immerse the PVDF membrane in 100% Methanol for     15 seconds, and then allow it to dry at room temperature for 5 minutes.

        Note: If Nitrocellulose is used instead of PVDF, this step should be skipped.

    2. Block the membrane with 5% non-fat dry milk or 3% BSA in TBST for 1 hr at room            temperature with constant agitation.

        Incubate the membrane with anti Arf6 rabbit polyclonal antibody, freshly diluted            1:50~1000 (depending on the amount of Arf6 proteins in your samples) in 5% non-fat     dry milk or 3% BSA/TBST, for 1-2 hr at room temperature with constant agitation or at 

        4oC overnight.

    3. Wash the blotted membrane three times with TBST, 5 minutes each time.

    4. Incubate the membrane with a secondary antibody (e.g. Goat Anti Rabbit IgG, HRP-           conjugate),freshly diluted 1:1000 in 5% non-fat dry milk or 3% BSA/TBST, for 1 hr at            room temperature with constant agitation.

    5. Wash the blotted membrane three times with TBST, 5 minutes each time.

    6. Use the detection method of your choice such as ECL. 


    Example of Results

    The following figure demonstrates typical results seen with NewEast Biosciences Arf6 Activation Assay Kit. One should use the data below for reference only. 

    QQ截图20191118094459.png


    Arf6 activation assay. Purified Arf6 proteins were immunoprecipitated after treated with GDP (lane1) or GTPγS (lane 2). Immunoprecipitation was done with the anti active Arf6 monoclonal antibody

    (Cat. No. 26918). Immunoblot was with an anti Arf6 rabbit polyclonal antibody(Cat. No. 21032). 


    Related Products
    Catalog#NameSizePrice
    26918Active Arf6-GTP Monoclonal Antibody 30 μL ¥4800  
    82401Arf6 Activation Assay Kit 20 assays ¥6800
    26029Anti Arf6 Mouse Monoclonal Antibody 100 μL ¥2800
    21032Anti Arf6 Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody 100 μL¥2600
    21030Anti Arf1 Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody 100 μL ¥2600



    Publications:
    1.  VASP promotes TGF-β activation of hepatic stellate cells by regulating Rab11 dependent plasma membrane targeting of TGF-β receptors
        Hepatology Volume 61, Issue 1, pages 361–374, January 2015
    2.  Rab5 Activity Regulates GLUT4 Sorting into Insulin-Responsive and Non-Insulin-Responsive Endosomal Compartments: A Potential Mechanism for Development of Insulin Resistance
        Endocrinology. 2014 Sep;155(9):3315-28



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